Alphabet Y  ©

The capital (majuscule) letter Y represents the afterlife in heaven.

The majuscule letter Y is a picture of Heru, the Hawk God, in high soaring flight.

NOTE: All of the great religions began with an enlightened individual who had a simple message. They all evolved over time into complex systems of rules, rituals, and dogmas. It is well to bear in mind that the Pagan religion began with a single individual and a simple message. It evolved and changed over many centuries in many cultures.

Heru on the throne of Egypt
Egyptian religion was a complex mixture of nature worship, ancestor worship, evolution, and reincarnation. Assur was a deified ancestor. He was the Pagan prototype for Biblical Adam. Assur was the GodFather of all the living Pagans as well as the ancestor of some of their gods and goddesses. Those gods and goddesses were also deified ancestors and ancestresses. Such was the case with Heru. Heru was the son of a god and a goddess who was in turn deified as a god. He was the ancestral forefather of the bloodline of Pagan kings. Egyptian royals revered their deified ancestors who were the source of their own divinity and the source of their royal birthrights.

Unlike the Biblical tale of "Creation," the Pagans didn't imagine that humans were the product of a single act of creation. They accepted it as a self-evident fact that humans had evolved from lower primates. They didn't believe that Assur was the first human being on earth. Assur was an advanced or evolved human being. They believed that he was the first enlightened human being, the first "wise man," on earth. The Pagans were evolutionists who didn't know how the process of evolution worked. Their ideas about resurrection and reincarnation were attempts to understand and participate in the process of evolution.

Heru with Assur in the Judgment Scene A beautiful Golden Hawk

After his resurrection, Assur became the king of heaven, king of hell, and judge of the dead. In the final judgment, Assur could utter a person's name into the afterlife. Humans were not at the top of the evolutionary scale in the Pagan scheme of evolution. Birds were at the top, reptiles were at the bottom, and humans were somewhere in the middle, working their way up the scale through reincarnation. To be reincarnated as a bird was desirable. To be reincarnated as a hawk was most desirable. To be reincarnated as a Golden Hawk was the highest possible reward in the afterlife. Heru, the Hawk God, represents the highest stage of life. That was heaven in the afterlife.

The minuscule letter y is a picture of a bird in flight, probably a hawk.

A hawk in flight with the letter Y superimposed on its underside

The minuscule letter y is a picture of a bird in flight. It is probably a hawk, but it could be any bird. The Egyptians and many other ancient people revered birds of all kinds. Egypt was a muscle powered agrarian civilization. Human muscle supplied most of the power. Most of those people lived lives of endless toil and drudgery. The lives of birds flying through the air and eating freely without having to toil must surely have seemed like heaven to them.

The sound of letter y is derived from the shrieking eye, eye, eye sound of a hawk. The word eye is probably derived from the shrieking eye sound of a hawk.


Birds played an important part in Egyptian religion, culture, and agriculture. Wisdom was the main virtue of the Pagan religion. The ancestors were deified because they were wise. Eyes, and animals with powerful eyesight were wisdom symbols in Pagan religion. Hawks, buzzards, owls, and any of the high soaring birds with the most powerful eyesight were the most highly revered birds.

Other birds were also important symbols on Egyptian culture. A long tailed bird is a symbol for "good" in Egyptian hieroglyphics. Long tailed birds are aerial acrobats who catch insects on the fly. They helped protect the Egyptian's crops from insects. A short tailed bird is a symbol for "bad" in hieroglyphics. Short tailed birds are typically seed eaters who were a threat to the Egyptian's crops.

The Egyptians' reverence for birds led them into a theological quandary. In their beliefs, it was good luck to be reincarnated as a bird. However, chickens are birds, and the Egyptians ate millions of eggs and chickens for food. To be reincarnated as a bird was good luck, but to be reincarnated as a chicken was bad luck. In Egyptian hieroglyphics, a baby chick is a symbol for bad luck.

Resurrect Isis. Her resurrection doesn't promise heaven on earth. However, a proper reverence for motherhood, for EarthMother's family, and for Mother Earth, our home, could result in a better life for human beings and all of the other living things on this planet.

Reader responses are invited.
Send e-mail to:  Resurrect Isis.  Please include page name "Alphabet Y" when responding to this page.

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Links to alphabet pages:

Link to Alphabet Page X  .  .  . Link to Alphabet Page Z

Links to related topic pages:

Sunwing  .  .  . Visual Language  .  .  . Alphabet Page R

Y1WebPage.htm Version L2v1 Reposted @ 09/12/2003  .  . First posted 02/17/2003  .  .